Honey Bee Farming

Honey bee farming is quite interesting. It is one of the most enjoyable types of businesses out there. The honey bee extracts honey from its natural surroundings and then converts it into something that is consumable. In addition, honey bees help to pollinate the vegetables and fruits in one’s area. The following are some of the aspects involving honey bee farming.

Honey Bee Farming Equipment

There are some beekeepers who prefer use to second hand equipment since they are cheap. However, if you are a beginner in beekeeping, it is preferable that you use new equipment. Second hand equipment tend to have problems that a beginner may not be able to recognize or fix. You can start out with fresh new hives and frames in order to save yourself unwanted stress. Experienced beekeepers can easily spot and deal with equipment failures and malfunctions.

Season

With honey bee farming, you need to establish the right time to start a colony. You do not want to start it too early because the bees will be unable find food and keep warm. Starting too late will mean that the bees will not have enough time to make honey for the winter or they will miss out on the first major push of nectar.

Simplicity

Beekeeping is not as complicated as most people tend to think. It involves focusing on basic beekeeping methods. There is no need to engage in too much experimentation. It is important to stick to beekeeping methods that have been tried and proven to work. This is the best way to establish healthy hives.

Requirements

Even though beekeepers have their own personal preferences and methods, there are certain requirements that they all have to cater to. Things such as bees, hives, smokers and protective gear are a must have for every beekeeper. They are the regarded as the fundamentals of honey-bee-farming.

Nucleus colony

Starting out with a nucleus colony or package of bees provides you with the best chance of establishing a colony that will teach you a lot in regards to raising bees in your particular situation. In most beekeeping groups, collecting wild swarms is highly popular. However, this is not recommended for novice beekeepers.

Two colonies

Even though having two colonies seems like more work, they provide you with the chance to do comparisons. Having two colonies helps beekeepers to spot problems ahead of time since they can see the differences in the two. In addition, having two colonies ensures that you have a spare in case you lose one, which is a regular thing with novice beekeepers.

Harvesting honey

Production of honey partly depends on the location you’re in and the type of weather. In quite a number of situations, a new colony of bees will not produce enough surplus honey during the first year. This means that harvesting may not be possible. Honey bee farming needs a long-term view perceptive. You have to be patient and stick to the program. This is the only way for it to be a success.

Honey bee Life Cycle – Honey bee life cycle has four main distinct stages or phases, egg, larva, pupa and finally an adult. Honey bee colonies are generally perennial with the exceptions of bumble bee and paper wasp colonies.

Help the Bees – Unfortunately, it seems like our civilization has declared war on native bees. Over-development, habitat destruction, and diminishing plant diversity have all negatively impacted our native bee populations, here are a few things you can do to help the bees.

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Batik Making

RAW MATERIALS & EQUIPMENT

  1. Sodium hydrosulphate, Caustic Soda & soda ash
  2. Batik wax & reactive dyes
  3. Water & base colours
  4. Candles
  5. Cotton cloth & multi color designs
  6. Stamping blocks
  7. Sponged materials of different styles
  8. Flat brushes (large/small)
  9. Large table – to 2 meter
  10. Melting/Cooking pot
  11. Kitchen facility and table spoons

PRODUCTION PROCESS

Applying wax

  • Melt premixed Batik Wax in the melting pot
  • Let it cool down
  • Lay the cloth on the table
  • Stretch the fabric on a table (Which fabric)
  • Apply wax with tools of your choice (sponged materials) and regulate the temperature

First dye/coloring

  • Boil water (5-6 lts), add 3 spoons of soda ash and 4 spoons of sodium hydro-sulphate
  • Add colours of your choice- 1 spoon
  • Add cool water – 15 lts
  • Soak 4 pieces of cloth at the same time for 10-15 minutes
  • Use warm water to rinse and gently hand wash the fabric
  • Dry the materials under shade

Second dye

  • Add colours twice the amount of the first dying
  • Apply batik wax where there is none or inadequate
  • Soak the cloth materials and turn them around after every 10-15 minutes
  • Add soap in boiling water
  • Soak pieces of cloth, one at a time
  • Rinse in cool water and dry them

Chalk Making

RAW MATERIALS

  1. White cement
  2. Water
  3. Different types of colours (if need be)
  4. Iron or paper moulds
  5. Kitchen facility
  6. Packaging materials and labels

THE PROCESS

  • Have 1 kg of white cement
  • Add 1 liter of water, 10 mls of colour and stir for 10 minutes
  • Pour the mixture into the moulds and sun-dry them
  • Remove them from the moulds and put them on the stove until the dust is removed.
  • If you drop one piece and breaks into pieces then the chalks will be ready for use.

PACKAGINNG AND LABELING

  • Package the chalks into a specific container with an outlook to influence consumer’s decision to buy.
  • Label the container with product identity, weight or pieces, ingredients, instructions for use and storage, manufacture’s name, telephone and e-mail address
  • Show quality marks such as those of TBS and GS1 (Barcode)
  • Adhere to all regulations and procedures as directed by TBS.

CERTIFICATES AND PERMITS

  • Get compulsory certificates and permits from authorized bodies: TBS and GS1
  • TCCIA Certificate of Origin for export purposes.
  • Adhere to the country’s export regulations and procedures.

Candles

RAW MATERIALS AND EQUIPMENT

  1. Paraffin wax
  2. Stearine  or  mixture sterine
  3. Colours (if required)
  4. Boric acid
  5. Perfumes and herbs (if required)
  6. Thread /yarn and mesentery
  7. Shaping moulds
  8. Paraffin stove/ charcoal cooking stove
  9. Packaging materials and labels

PROCESSING

Mesentery

  • Mix boric acid (5 table spoon) with water (5 table spoon)
  • Stir for 5 minutes
  • Soak the thread and leave it for 5 minutes
  • Sun-dry it

Candle waxing

  • Have candle shaping moulds ready
  • Soak the mesentery in the middle of the pot and tie it with thread and wax
  • Put the pot on fire/stove, mix with wax (1kg), stearine (4 spoons) and let it boil
  • Add colours, perfumes, boric acid and stir until the mixture becomes fluid
  • Remove the mixture from the pot, pour it into shaping moulds under the shade until it hardens
  • Gently remove the candles from the moulds.

PACKAGINNG AND LABELING

  • Package the candles into a specific container with an outlook to influence consumer’s decision to buy.
  • Label the container with product identity/type, weight or pieces, expiry date, instructions for use and storage, manufacture’s name, telephone and e-mail
  • Show quality marks such as TBS, TFDA and GS1 (Barcode)
  • Adhere to all regulations and procedures as directed by TBS and TFDA

CERTIFICATES AND PERMITS

  • Get compulsory certificates and permits from authorized bodies: TFDA, TBS and GS1
  • TCCIA Certificate of Origin for export purposes.
  • Adhere to the country’s export regulations and procedures.


BAR SOAP

 

RAW MATERIALS AND EQUIPMENT

  1. Caustic soda, sodium hydroxide and hydrogen peroxide
  2. Optional ingredients: Potassium Hydroxide, sodium silicate
  3. Oils & fats: coconut, olive, palm
  4. Water and salt
  5. Natural colours, perfumes, flowers, herbs and fragrance
  6. Other: Aloe vera, vitamins and baobab powder
  7. Protective gear: gloves, goggles,
  8. Buckets: 3 large and 3 small and plastic containers
  9. Shaping moulds and wooden soap bases
  10. Table, stainless pot, measuring spoons
  11. Hydrometer and cooking thermometers
  12. Packaging materials and labels

PROCESSING

  • Soak 3 kgs of caustic soda in 9 litres of water
  • Use iron container not plastic
  • Stir the mixture for 15 minutes and leave it for 5 days.
  • Add caustic 1 teaspoon of soda and oils 1.5 lts and other ingredients as per customers’ requirements
  • Mix with glycerine -2 table spoons
  • Use the hydrometer to check on the quality/strength of the product
  • Add 1 tea spoon of perfume, add 1 table spoon
  • Stir the mixture and pour into the shaping molds and the soap should be read for use

PACKAGING AND LABELLING

  • Package the product in a specific container with an outlook to influence consumer’s decision to buy or as per clients needs.
  • Label the container with: product identity/type, weight or pieces, instructions for use and storage and information on chemical ingredients, manufacture’s name, telephone and e-mail
  • Show quality marks such as TBS, TFDA and GS1 (Barcode)
  • Adhere to all regulations and procedures as directed by TBS and TFDA

CERTIFICATES AND PERMITS

  • Get compulsory certificates and permits from authorized bodies: TFDA, TBS and GS1
  • Get TCCIA Certificate of Origin for export purposes.
  • Adhere to the country’s export regulations and procedures.